old snuff jarsI snuff take other pictures too, but I have to post later because I'm not at home. I'd guess it dates to about Sometimes I bottles about pitying myself, and all the time Dating am being carried on great winds across the sky.
Originally Posted by Harry Pristis. Entire Civil War Cartridge Box. I have some just like that.
Skip to main content. Browse Related Browse Related. Also shop in Also bottles in. Most likely, this bottle dates to the 19th century. The bottle weighs about 39 grams without the stopper, the stopper weighs a little over 3 grams. Overall, the condition is very good. There is a fine Dating Chinese Snuff Bottle. Snuff did not try to open.
- Dating snuff bottles Collecting Guide: 5 things
- Jan 14, - Vincent Fausone, Jr.
This lasted through most of the 18th century. Eventually, the trend spread into the rest of the country and into every social class. It was common to offer a pinch of snuff as a way to greet friends and relatives. Snuff bottles soon became an object of beauty and a way to represent status and wealth.
The use of snuff increased and decreased with the rise and fall of the Qing Dynasty and died away soon after the establishment of the Republic of China. However, contemporary snuff bottles are still being made, and can be purchased in souvenir shops, flea markets and museum gift shops. Original snuff bottles from the Qing period are a desirable target for serious collectors and museums.
Snuff bottleThe size of a snuff bottle is small enough to fit inside the palm. Snuff bottles were made out of many different materials including porcelain , jade , rhinoceros horn , ivory , wood , tortoiseshell , metal and ceramic , though probably the most commonly used material was glass.
The stopper usually had a very small spoon attached for extracting the snuff. Though rare, such bottles were also used by women in Europe in Victorian times, with the bottles typically made of cut glass.
Chinese snuff bottles were typically decorated with paintings or carvings, which distinguished bottles of different quality and value. Decorative bottles were, and remain, time-consuming in their production and are thus desirable for today's collectors.
Many bottles are completely devoid of decoration, others are incredibly ornate. As in all Chinese arts and crafts, motifs and symbols play an important part in decorative detail. Symbols are derived from a multitude of sources such as legends, history, religion, philosophy and superstition. The ideas used are almost always directed toward bringing wealth, health, good luck, longevity, even immortality to the owner of an artifact, frequently as a wish expressed in a kind of coded form by the giver of a gift.
Probably the most popular decoration is the Shou character, a symbol of happiness and longevity , illustrated at right.
Dating snuff bottles If your bottle is a milk bottle that fits this description, click Machine-made Bottles to move to the Machine-made bottles dating page for more possible dating refinement and to pursue more information. 26 rows · old bottle identification and dating guide This webpage is intended to help novice collectors .Shou or Sau was one of Three Star Gods. Another popular device is a representation of the 18 Lohan, who were the personal disciples of Buddha, just one group of the many revered immortals in China.
Apart from the 18 Lohan there is a constellation of other divines who are portrayed, even their innards. Snuff bottles were used by the Chinese , Mongolians during the Qing Dynasty to contain powdered tobacco. Smoking tobacco was illegal during the Qing Dynasty, but the use of snuff was allowed because the Chinese considered snuff to be a remedy for common illnesses such as colds , headaches and stomach disorders. Therefore, snuff was carried in a small bottle like other medicines. The snuff bottle replaced the snuff box used by Europeans. Tobacco was introduced by the Portuguese to the court at Beijing some time during the mid- to lateth century. It was originally smoked in pipes before the establishment of the Qing Dynasty. The use of snuff and snuff bottles spread through the upper class, and by the end of the 17th century it had become a part of social ritual to use snuff. The eight precious organs of the Buddha are venerated — his heart, gall bladder, spleen, lungs, liver, stomach, kidneys and intestines.
These are rarely depicted on snuff bottles. Animals, on the other hand appear with regularity, the most common being the dragon. A dragon is shown in the example at right on a porcelain bottle in splendid red and blue and clutching the inevitable fiery pearl. One of the traditions of Chinese art is that only the Emperor, his sons and princes of the first and second ranks were permitted to own an artefact illustrated with a dragon having five claws.
DATING SNUFF BOTTLESDating snuff bottles However, it is common to find that many older bottles have dragons with five claws. The horse is another animal frequently used in the decorative work. The horse is one of the Seven Treasures of Buddhism. Its symbolism points to speed, perseverance, rank, power and wealth.
The symbolism of wealth and power came about because the horse carried those of importance. The hare is also often found on snuff bottles. The example at right shows a hare on a bottle made of wood. Enamel on glass especially was an extremely difficult technique to master, because the bottle was often carved out of a block of glass, not blown. Then it had to be enameled, and then you had to fire it, and if the fire got too hot, the thing would collapse.
They had to eyeball whether it was too hot or hot enough or whatever. All of the authentic Chinese snuff bottles are handmade. This was invented in the late s, early s in China where they took a glass bottle and then dipped it into another color or several colors sometimes, and you cause the outside color to make an image on the bottle.
We call these overlay bottles. This technique had been used by the Romans, but it had been lost in Europe for over a thousand years and was not reintroduced into European glassmaking until it was reinvented in China by Chinese artisans. Inside-painted snuff bottles first came about in the late s and were made up until around or The first bottles were actually made to be used for snuff, but later they were made to be appreciated for what they were. The first inside painted bottles were made by literati and scholar officials.
Then there were actual craftsmen who became very good at this. There are a number of top artists today who continue to make inside-painted snuff bottles , which, because of the artistry, garner a nice price tag. I know some collectors who only collect contemporary inside-painted bottles. Part of it shows a bottle being made over a period of something like a week. From beginning to end, you watch this artist work on this bottle.
There are more porcelain bottles than any other type of bottle, because when tobacco became affordable to the average person in China and this habit diffused to the general population, porcelain was the cheapest material to make.
They could replicate a porcelain shape over and over again, so there was a profusion of porcelain bottles. Many of them toward the end were made to be thrown away. They were low end. Glass bottles were made specifically under the direction of a Jesuit Bavarian priest by the name of Kilian Stumpf, who was made superintendent of the glass house that was established by the Emperor Kangxi in For that reason, glass was considered a very, very precious item.
There is a history beyond that of Chinese glassmaking, but nothing like what happened in the 18th century when they really sat down to imitate and supersede the techniques of Western glassmakers. Beijing gets very cold in the winter, and they found that the glass bottles, if used in the wintertime, would often shatter from the cold, so they began to make bottles out of stone. They would use their glass bottles in the summertime and then use their stone bottles in the wintertime.
They developed the same kinds of techniques in jade, agate, pudding stones, fossil, limestone, all the stones. My favorite type of bottle is what I call an imitation bottle. Starting very early in the evolution of snuff bottle making, the emperors Yongzheng and Qianlong were very fond of imitation. By this I mean a glass or porcelain bottle made to imitate precisely a natural material such as jade, agate, amethyst, or coral. I have a porcelain bottle imitating turquoise, and it looks more like a real turquoise piece than the turquoise bottles that I have next to it.
For the most part, snuff bottles were exclusively Chinese from the late 17th to the 19th centuries. They were also made in Japan, but never used in Japan.
The bottles that were made in Japan were meant to be sold either to users in China or to collectors. Some very artistic bottles were made by the Japanese — carved ivory bottles, lacquer bottles — and I have a few of those. They also made snuff bottles in Thailand. Almost all of those are made of metal. There are metal bottles in China as well, but it was not one of the top materials. The Chinese snuff habit was a northern habit, because the Qing Dynasty was made of Manchus from Manchuria.
They were not indigenous Chinese, and they had already developed the habit of taking tobacco before they conquered China, so there are still places where they took snuff, Mongolia being one of them and Manchuria.
There are some bottles made in Nepal. There were some bottles made of glass in Bavaria. The Chinese bottles all have a little spoon attached at the top so that you can take the snuff out and put it on your thumbnail and sniff it. With the exception of inside-painted bottles, collectors always like to see a spoon in the bottle.
They can be made of all kinds of things — tortoise shell, metal. It was a utilitarian type of object actually, the spoon. Initially tobacco was felt to be a medicine that would alleviate pulmonary problems, because when you sniff tobacco, you sneeze, and that allowed you to get rid of impurities. Snuffboxes were made in Europe before that. In the records we have, the first tobacco sent to Kangxi, who was the second emperor of the Qing Dynasty, was in snuffboxes.
There are even a few Chinese snuffboxes, but it was never a really big item. The bottle above all was used for snuff. The materials used were much more sumptuous. Rarely do you see any kind of precious stone inlay. Snuff boxes range from 2 to 3 inches and they used to have a lid. They were also handmade. They were made by the best craftsmen in Europe and also diffused to the general public, so you get less expensive boxes as you go down the line.
Initially it started because all tobacco came from the New World, and was very expensive when first introduced, because it was imported. There was no source of tobacco outside of the New World until tobacco began being grown in China, the Philippines, and various places in Europe. It was an extremely expensive commodity, so only the very wealthy that could afford it. I tried it once just to see what it was like. There are lots of collectors in England, in France, in Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, some collectors in Italy, collectors in Australia, collectors in some South American countries, Brazil, Argentina, Canada, Spain — essentially all over the world.
Gardner bought in on a trip to Beijing and we will see those. We will have lectures by a number of authorities. Professor Robert Mowry from Harvard is going to give us a lecture on enamel-painted porcelain bottles. Our convention is a different place every year. Last year it was in Toronto. The year before that, it was in San Francisco, and the year before that, it was in Hong Kong. Next year it will be in Dublin, Ireland, and the year after that in Hawaii.
So we go all over. For instance, at this convention, we have 16 dealers who will be selling bottles. Secondly, there are auctions. Unless I were dealing with a dealer whom I had great faith in and who would assess a bottle, I need to see it and I need to hold it. I need to look at it. I need to examine it. You can only do that by evaluating the bottle yourself. Look at a lot of bottles before you start buying. A couple of my bottles are there that I donated to the museum.
The Adventures and Studies of a Collector. The other thing is to get in touch with collectors and ask them about dealers who are honest and who you can trust, because you can get stung very easily, especially now since bottles are more expensive than they used to be. I started collecting in for many of the same reasons. There are so many differant designs , materials and amazing detail.
It never fails to amaze me when I see a new collection from a repuatble dealer. I started collecting in I took care of an elderly woman who had a small but beautiful collection of authentic inside painted and enamel painted porceline bottles and I was fascinated by the intricate artistry. I buy newer versions very inexpensively, also, as some of the artistry is still beautiful.
Thank you for a well received dialogue. Thanks for your great snuff bottle introduction. I was recently given an inside painted snuff bottle that is a bit crooked tilting slightly with a simple smooth amber colored top.
The painting on the inside is a watery landscape with a house at the bottom. The opposite side shows a watery landscape with three boats and some houses at the top.
The edges of the paintings are clearly delineated: Thanks in advance for your information. So glad I found all this wonderful information about Snuff and Snuff bottles. The History and learning about theses artful beautiful bottles is wonderful. Anyway any information would help, Thank you for your time Gary. A wonderful article by a wonderful man. But you should have mentioned that he is the president of our Society The International Chinese Snuff Bottle Society , and very highly regarded for his erudition and honesty.
How do you tell if ivory is real? I ask this question because i have 2 snuff bottles 1with hand craveing of the china wall. They both have the same marking on bottom of bottles. They told me it was the old ghinese writing,and couldnt read it.. I just started collecting Chinese snuff bottles this month! I found some in Guangzhou, China and in Macau. The hand painted Chinese scenes are beautiful. I started collecting modern inside-painted seriously about 5 years ago and now have over bottles.
Like Diane, I buy only for love. If Diane or anyone else would like to correspond with me directly , my email is. I recently purchased a reproduction snuff bottle that is painted inside. One side is yellow with writing. Is there something in Japanese history that would be painted inside a snuff bottle.
Vintage Inside Hand Painted Chinese Reverse Painted Glass Snuff Bottle
The Right Snuff: Decoding Chinese Snuff Bottles | Collectors Weekly Collecting Guide: 5 things to know about Chinese snuff bottles . of the International Chinese Snuff Bottle Society for the most recent and up-to-date scholarship. Dating snuff bottles